Tuesday, May 22, 2012

The Long Voyage Home (Brooks on Ford)

Lately I've been watching a lot of John Ford films. The other night I watched The Long Voyage Home from 1940. This is a majestic and melancholy tale of men at sea based on material by Eugene O'Neill. Like most if not all of Ford's work it's about a community -- in this case a group of sailors aboard a British merchant ship making a dangerous Atlantic crossing during the early days of World War Two.

By accident I stumbled across an old column by NYT columnist David Brooks where he borrows the title of this movie to contrast the celebration of community in John Ford's work with the modern-day Republican Party's fixation on individual freedom.

Republicans generally like Westerns. They generally admire John Wayne-style heroes who are rugged, individualistic and brave. They like leaders — from Goldwater to Reagan to Bush to Palin — who play up their Western heritage. Republicans like the way Westerns seem to celebrate their core themes — freedom, individualism, opportunity and moral clarity.

But the greatest of all Western directors, John Ford, actually used Westerns to tell a different story. Ford’s movies didn’t really celebrate the rugged individual. They celebrated civic order.

For example, in Ford’s 1946 movie, “My Darling Clementine,” Henry Fonda plays Wyatt Earp, the marshal who tamed Tombstone. But the movie isn’t really about the gunfight and the lone bravery of a heroic man. It’s about how decent people build a town. Much of the movie is about how the townsfolk put up a church, hire a teacher, enjoy Shakespeare, get a surgeon and work to improve their manners.

The movie, in other words, is really about religion, education, science, culture, etiquette and rule of law — the pillars of community. In Ford’s movie, as in real life, the story of Western settlement is the story of community-building. Instead of celebrating untrammeled freedom and the lone pioneer, Ford’s movies dwell affectionately on the social customs that Americans cherish — the gatherings at the local barbershop and the church social, the gossip with the cop and the bartender and the hotel clerk.

Today, if Republicans had learned the right lessons from the Westerns, or at least John Ford Westerns, they would not be the party of untrammeled freedom and maximum individual choice. They would once again be the party of community and civic order.

They would begin every day by reminding themselves of the concrete ways people build orderly neighborhoods, and how those neighborhoods bind a nation. They would ask: What threatens Americans’ efforts to build orderly places to raise their kids? The answers would produce an agenda: the disruption caused by a boom and bust economy; the fragility of the American family; the explosion of public and private debt; the wild swings in energy costs; the fraying of the health care system; the segmentation of society and the way the ladders of social mobility seem to be dissolving.

Click here to read the rest of Brooks' analysis. Of course the Democratic Party also turns individual choice and freedom into an absolute good, but they tend to do it in the social sphere. It's time to rediscover those forgotten civic values that used to be celebrated before the bonds that used to bind us together are broken forever.

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